Pakistan participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and and Science Study in 2019. The results, published in December 2020 paint a dismal picture. The challenge is not only to address the significant learning gap, but to also reset the ‘systems expectations’ from a school-based learning environment. The images below compare Pakistani students’ standing viz-a-viz a few countries, and the consolidated results of the parental, teacher and student surveys conducted as part of TIMSS. The detailed report can be accessed from this link.